Monthly Economic Update, March 2013

THE MONTH IN BRIEF As February ended, a central question seemed to preoccupy Wall Street: “When will the Dow hit a new record high?” Nothing seemed to shake the Street’s upbeat mood – not the $85 billion in federal budget cuts slated for March 1, not the real estate bubble in China or political uncertainty in Italy, not the still-anemic Q4 GDP reading or the abrupt decline in personal incomes. All told, the data stream offered much to keep Wall Street in a good mood: impressive numbers from the housing sector, rebounding consumer sentiment, continuing expansion in the manufacturing and service sectors. So the Dow ended the month at 14,054.49, with bulls holding an unyielding belief that it could reach a new all-time high in March – and the index did just that.1,2

DOMESTIC ECONOMIC HEALTH February wrapped up with no agreement between Congress and the White House to postpone the sequestration – a 9% budget reduction for domestic programs, a 13% reduction for defense programs and a 2% cut in Medicare payments to physicians. March 27 presents a deadline for an appropriations bill to keep federal government operations sufficiently funded; the sequester cuts might be retroactively altered or undone as a result.3 Word came from the Commerce Department that consumer incomes fell 3.6% in January, a clear effect of higher payroll taxes. Yet consumer spending held up, rising 0.2% in that month. So did consumer sentiment: the University of Michigan’s monthly index was at 77.6 in February, and the Conference Board’s consumer confidence poll soared to 69.0 last month, even with the jobless rate at 7.9%.4,5 If a rising stock market and general perception of an improving economy influenced the above numbers, tame inflation may have as well. In January, the Consumer Price Index was flat again. Retail prices had only increased 1.6% in 12 months. The troubling asterisk: core CPI (with food and energy prices factored out) rose 0.3% in January, a gain unmatched since May 2011. Also, retail sales increased just 0.1% in January compared to 0.5% in December. Wholesale inflation (as measured by the federal government’s Producer Price Index) was up 0.2% for January, and had increased 1.4% in the past year.6,7,8 The world certainly pays attention to the Institute for Supply Management’s twin purchasing manager indices, and the latest readings on the economy from ISM have been quite positive. Its non-manufacturing index rose to 54.2 in February (the best mark since June 2011) while its service sector index read 56.0 last month, up from 55.2 in January for the highest reading in 12 months.9,10 When the Federal Reserve’s January policy meeting minutes came out, they raised eyebrows – the Federal Open Market Committee had agreed to review its easy money policies in March, perhaps signaling an earlier-than-expected end to QE3. The Bureau of Economic Analysis revised its estimate of Q4 GDP to +0.1%.5,11

GLOBAL ECONOMIC HEALTH By the end of the month, Wall Street had one eye on China and another on Italy. The PRC finally set some limits on its runaway real estate market, imposing a whopping 20% capital gains tax on real property sales, demanding higher mortgage rates and down payments and requiring cities to adopt yearly price easing targets for their housing markets. China’s manufacturing PMIs barely showed expansion in February: the official PRC PMI came in at 50.1, while the HSBC PMI read 50.4. The People’s Bank of China forecasts 3% inflation in 2013, compared to 2.6% in 2012; Bloomberg sees China’s economy growing 8.1% in 2013, up from the 13-year low of 7.8% recorded by its government last year. 12,13

Italy’s national election produced a deadlock,
raising fears that austerity measures stipulated by the European Central Bank
could be rejected. Incumbent Prime Minister Mario Monti had been effectively
challenged by Beppe Grillo, a populist fiercely opposed to the euro, and – of
all people – disgraced former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi. (Italy’s jobless
rate hit a 21-year peak of 11.7% in February.) On the upside, European
Commission president José Manuel Barroso announced a federal surplus in Ireland
and smaller payment imbalances for Italy, Portugal, Spain, and Greece. On the
downside, the smaller deficits for those last four nations could be traced
largely to a reduction in imports stemming from sinking demand.4,14


Foreign benchmarks experienced much more turbulence than ours last month. A list of some losses: Hang Seng, -3.29%; NIFTY 50, -6.55%;
MERVAL, -11.95%; Bovespa, -3.91%; Euro STOXX 50, -2.57%; CAC 40, -0.26%; DAX,
-0.44%; MSCI World Index, -0.02%; MSCI Emerging Markets Index, -1.35%. The
gains: S&P/ASX 200, +3.27%; KOSPI, +3.51%; TOPIX, +3.79%; FTSE 100, +1.34%;
TSX Composite, +1.08%; S&P Asia 50, +0.52%.1,15


When was the last time gold racked up a five-month losing streak on the COMEX? You
have to go back to 1997 to find another example of that, yet that was its
dubious achievement in February. All key metals seemed to retreat last month:
gold went 5.0%, silver -9.3%, copper -4.9%, platinum
-5.5% and palladium -1.5%. Gold settled at just $1,572.30 on the COMEX on
February 28. The perception of an improving economy also hurt oil, which ended February at $92.05 a barrel, its lowest NYMEX settlement price of the
year. (It would head lower in early March). Natural gas futures, rose 4.4% in
February. The U.S. Dollar Index rose 3.46% last month.16,17,18

Could a seller’s market be emerging? That possibility
doesn’t seem so absurd given the latest round of indicators. Existing home
sales had improved 0.4% in January even as the inventory of homes reached its
lowest level April 2005, the National Association of Realtors noted;
year-over-year, home prices were up 12.9%. NAR also found pending home sales rising
4.5% in January, and December’s S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price Index recorded
a 6.8% 12-month increase. January also saw a 15.6% jump in new home sales,
which had increased 28.9% in a year.19,20,21,22

Between January 31 and February 28, home loan rates generally decreased. In that
interval (according to Freddie Mac), the average interest rate on the 30-year
FRM went from 3.53% to 3.51%. Average rates for the 15-year FRM went from
2.81% to 2.76%; the 5/1-year ARM, 2.70% to 2.61%; the 1-year ARM, 2.59% to


This material was prepared by
MarketingLibrary.Net Inc., and does not necessarily represent the views of the
presenting party, nor their affiliates. Marketing
Library.Net Inc. is not affiliated with any broker or brokerage firm that may
be providing this information to you. This information should not be construed
as investment, tax or legal advice and may not be relied on for the purpose of
avoiding any Federal tax penalty. This is not a solicitation or recommendation
to purchase or sell any investment or insurance product or service, and should
not be relied upon as such. The Dow Jones Industrial Average is a
price-weighted index of 30 actively traded blue-chip stocks. The NASDAQ
Composite Index is an unmanaged, market-weighted index of all over-the-counter
common stocks traded on the National Association of Securities Dealers
Automated Quotation System. The Standard & Poor’s 500 (S&P 500) is an
unmanaged group of securities considered to be representative of the stock
market in general. It is not possible to invest directly in an index. NYSE
Group, Inc. (NYSE:NYX) operates two securities exchanges: the New York Stock
Exchange (the “NYSE”) and NYSE Arca (formerly known as the Archipelago
Exchange, or ArcaEx®, and the Pacific Exchange). NYSE Group is a leading
provider of securities listing, trading and market data products and services.
The New York Mercantile Exchange, Inc. (NYMEX) is the world’s largest physical
commodity futures exchange and the preeminent trading forum for energy and
precious metals, with trading conducted through two divisions – the NYMEX
Division, home to the energy, platinum, and palladium markets, and the COMEX
Division, on which all other metals trade. The Hang Seng Index is a
freefloat-adjusted market capitalization-weighted stock market index that is
the main indicator of the overall market performance in Hong Kong. The CNX
Nifty, also called the Nifty 50 or simply the Nifty, is a stock market index
and benchmark index for Indian equity market. The price-weighted MERVAL Index
(MERcado de VALores, literally Stock Exchange) is the most important index of
the Buenos Aires Stock Exchange. The Bovespa Index is a gross total return
index weighted by traded volume & is comprised of the most liquid stocks
traded on the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange. The EURO STOXX 50 Index, Europe’s
leading Blue-chip index for the eurozone, provides a blue-chip representation
of supersector leaders in the eurozone. The CAC-40 Index is a narrow-based,
modified capitalization-weighted index of 40 companies listed on the Paris
Bourse. The DAX 30 is a Blue Chip stock market index consisting of the 30 major
German companies trading on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. The MSCI World Index
is a free-float weighted equity index that includes developed world markets,
and does not include emerging markets. The MSCI Emerging Markets Index is a
float-adjusted market capitalization index consisting of indices in more than
25 emerging economies. The S&P/ASX 200 is recognized as the primary
investable benchmark in Australia. The KOSPI Index is a capitalization-weighted
index of all common shares on the Korean Stock Exchanges. The TOPIX Index is
the most broadly based Japanese stock index, covering all companies within the
First Section of the TSE (around 1,600 stocks). The FTSE 100 Index is a share
index of the 100 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange with the highest
market capitalization. The S&P/TSX Composite Index is an index of the stock
(equity) prices of the largest companies on the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) as
measured by market capitalization. The S&P Asia 50 is an equity index drawn
from four major Asian markets – Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan. The
US Dollar Index measures the performance of the U.S. dollar against a basket of
six currencies. Additional
risks are associated with international investing, such as currency
fluctuations, political and economic instability and differences in accounting standards.
All information is believed to be from reliable sources; however we make no
representation as to its completeness or accuracy. All economic and performance
data is historical and not indicative of future results. Market indices
discussed are unmanaged. Investors cannot invest in unmanaged indices. The
publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting or other professional
services. If assistance is needed, the reader is advised to engage the services
of a competent professional.



1 –

2 – [3/1/13]

3 –

4 – [3/1/13]

5 – [3/1/13]

6 –

7 –

8 –

9 – [3/5/13]

10 –

11 –

12 –

13 –

14 –

15 –

16 –

17 –

18 –

19 –

20 –

21 –

22 –

23 – [3/4/13]

24 –

25 –

26 –

26 –

26 –

26 –

26 –

26 –

27 –

28 –